PLASMA OR VOLTAIC ARC is the electrical discharge which occurs in the insulating substance during an electrical breakdown. This happens at a specific voltage and specific conditions in an insulator.
Until the 1950’s, matter was thought to exist in only three forms i.e. solid, liquid, and gas. But all that changed when a Danish engineer discovered plasma. But what is plasma?
Plasma is matter that exists in the form of ions and electrons. Basically, it is a gas that’s been electrified charged with freely moving electrons in both the negative and positive state.
The situation is actually a resultant of further energy being given to a gas which causes the breaking free of negatively charged electrons from the nucleus. On a deeper level, plasma can be described as a gas that’s been partially ionized. It is a mixture of neutral atoms, atomic ions, electrons, molecular ions, and molecules present in excited and ground states. The charges (positive and negative) balance each other therefore; a good number of these charges are electrically neutral.
The charged particles present in plasma are responsible for its high electrical conductivity. Since plasma consists of electrons, molecules or neutral gas atoms, positive ions, UV light along with excited gas molecules and atoms, it carries a good amount of internal energy. And when all these molecules, ions and atoms come together and interact with a particular surface, plasma treatment is initiated. Hence, by selecting a gas mixture, pressure, power etc. the effects of plasma treatment upon any surface can also be specified or precisely tuned.
How plasma treatment is performed
A plasma treatment is usually performed in a chamber or enclosure that’s evacuated (Vacuum plasma). The air within the chamber or enclosure is pumped out prior to letting gas in. The gas then flows in the enclosure at a low pressure. This is done before any energy (electrical power) is applied. It is imperative to know that plasma treatment performed at low temperature can easily process materials that are heat sensitive. These types of plasma are sometimes referred to as ‘cold plasma’.
- Plasma devices are for non-invasive soft-surgery, fibroblasting sublimation treatment, non-surgical blepharoplasty, dynamic skin-lifting, skin-tightening and rejuvenation.
- It has an ingenious, ground-breaking and lightweight design.
- Plasma Pen is a next-generation treatment, able to treat practically any area of the skin with incredible precision.
- It delivers truly stunning, long-lasting and natural looking results.
Plasma Pen works on the principle of ionized gas in the air. At the right distance from the skin (treated area), oxygen and nitrogen are mixed, and the electrostatic energy produces the plasmatic effusion, which discharges on the skin with thermals. The skin pores open, the superfluous plasma or water evaporates, and with proper fibroblast technique we reach the contraction of the skin, whereby the excess skin dies down superficially and falls in the form of scabs within the framework of the aftercare.
The Plasma energy is directed through a precise tip of the hand piece. It is easy to manoeuvre and target the most hidden areas, achieving the best results. During the treatment it should be held 1–2 mm away from the skin so the plasma can reach its surface. Care must be taken when doing this to ensure good stability and firm support in the treatment area.
Treatments can be done at low- or high power settings. Low power settings are typically used for more superficial effects, such as correction of discoloration, texture and fine lines. High power settings can also significantly improve wrinkles, acne scars and produce some skin tightening.
- Benign moles and benign skin lesions removal in general.
- Tattoo removal.
- Permanent Makeup removal.
- Bownspots and agespots removal.
- Skin tightening. Crow’s feet attenuation.
- Atrophic Scar attenuation and more.
Lasers and IPLs (intense pulsed light) are used for a wide variety of aesthetic treatments. The types of lasers used changes over time as new technologies evolve.