In this video will, you will see the entire treatment, a short summary of the healing progression and the results. You can limit yourself to watching the video, however, if you want to learn more about the healing progression and results, all the information is presented later in this case study.
In particular, the video shows you: The Before and After Pictures Comparison, The Before Pictures taken just before the treatment, Pictures taken during the Treatment, Pictures Taken Immediately After the Treatment, The healing progression summary and The entire procedure.
Hyperpigmentation is a condition that causes the skin to darken. It can occur in small patches, cover large areas, or affect the entire body. This condition usually isn’t harmful, but it can be a symptom of another medical condition.
There are several types of hyperpigmentation:
Melasma is believed to be caused by hormonal changes and develops during pregnancy. Areas of hyperpigmentation can appear on any area of the body. They appear most commonly on the abdomen and face.
Sunspots, also called liver spots or solar lentigines, are common. They’re related to excess sun exposure over time. Generally, they appear as spots of hyperpigmentation on areas exposed to the sun, like the hands and face.
Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation is a result of an injury to the skin.
Darkened areas of the skin are the only symptoms of hyperpigmentation. Patches can vary in size and can develop anywhere on the body.
Sun exposure can increase melanin production. Greater exposure to the sun increases the risk of developing hyperpigmentation.
A common cause of hyperpigmentation is an excess production of melanin. Melanin is a pigment that gives skin its color. And it’s produced by skin cells called melanocytes. Several different conditions or factors can alter the production of melanin in the body. Certain medications can cause hyperpigmentation. Also, some chemotherapy drugs can cause hyperpigmentation as a side effect, according to the University of New Mexico Comprehensive Cancer Center. Pregnancy changes hormone levels and can affect melanin production in some women. Endocrine diseases, like Addison’s disease, disrupt hormone levels and can increase melanin production. Excessive sun exposure can also cause an increase in melanin.
A dermatologist can diagnose hyperpigmentation. They will take your medical history and give you a physical exam to determine the cause. In some cases, a skin biopsy can rule out skin cancer.
Topical prescription medication can treat some cases of hyperpigmentation. This medication usually contains hydroquinone, which bleaches skin. Utilizing retinoic acid also assists with lightening dark spots of the skin. Both of these medications can take a few months to lighten darkened areas. Home care sometimes includes over-the-counter medications that may lighten dark spots. These medications don’t contain as much hydroquinone as prescription medications. Home care also includes using sunscreen. Your doctor may also suggest laser treatment to reduce hyperpigmentation.
Hyperpigmentation is not harmful and usually isn’t a sign of a serious medical condition. In some cases, darkened areas of the skin fade on their own. In others, the dark spots fade with treatment. Even if treatment can’t completely reverse hyperpigmentation, it may improve the condition.
It’s not always possible to prevent hyperpigmentation. However, using sunscreen with an SPF of at least 30 can help, as can wearing hats or clothing that block sunlight and avoiding the sun during the hottest times of the day. Avoiding certain medications may also prevent hyperpigmentation.