Skin tightening using voltaic arcing also referred to as PLASMA, produce mild appreciable cumulative improvements in the appearance of fine lines and also reduces the appearance of sagging skin. For immediate and dramatic results please refer to cosmetic surgery.
Young, elastic skin depends on the number of structural proteins such as collagen and elastin. These proteins help your skin resist temporary changes such as stretching, folding, or wrinkling. As we age, our bodies produce less of these structural proteins, making our skin more prone to show signs of ageing, such as fine lines and wrinkles.
A mild superficial controlled burn by using AC voltaic arcs, DC voltaic arcs or Lasers induces a skin tightening effect which helps the skin restore more of its natural elasticity. This occurs because a localized excitation, stimulates the skin's regeneration response, resulting in firmer, tighter skin between the wrinkles and hence the reduction in the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Similar results are also possible by using other skin rejuvenation methods, like AHAs (alpha hydroxy acid) based cosmetic peels, however the use of voltaic arc or cosmetic lasers are generally more selective because it can be applied exactly where required, therefore inducing the skin tightening exactly were your client needs it, with a higher degree of precision. We refer to this type of skin tightening as "localised skin tightening" or "targeted skin tightening"
Generally, Localised Skin Tightening can be accomplished by using:
The basic principle used by all these types of devices is the same, which is the targeted delivery of heat into the skin. When this is done the skin tends to respond by generating new collagen which results in tighter and firmer skin.
Skin tightening using electrical arcing (or also referred to as Plasma) can be accomplished in two main ways:
Both methods deliver the required heat into the skin needed to cause a very localized skin tightening. This localized skin tightening, in turn, reduces the appearance of saggy skin and fine lines. In particular, the fine lines are improved by the pulling effect of the skin tightening effect applied between the lines.
The spot mode is the preferred method to apply skin tightening by using electrical arcing, on various parts of the face. It is the preferred method because it delivers consistent and repeatable results and it is very easy to learn especially for beginners.
The spot mode is used extensively for:
In the picture above we can see how the intention is to feather out the treatment as we move away from the tight wrinkles. In other words, the spots are applied in a more tight fashion where the wrinkles are deeper, closer to the eye. As we move away from the eye then the distancing of the spots is increased.
You will also note that, in case of fine lines, the wrinkles tend to disappear while are you applying the spots. This is not a permanent effect. This is a normal immediate reaction of the skin to the dehydration effects of the superficial carbonization caused by the electrical arcing (also referred to as plasma).
In the video below you can watch an example of the spot mode for lower eyelid tightening.
The spot mode is carried out in the following way:
The spray mode is not normally used for skin tightening, instead, it is commonly used for:
However, after several numbers of treatments, when the users gain plenty of confidence with the use of electrical arcing for skin tightening, some prefer to move to the spray operation.
In some cases, this is also the natural way to increase the treatment intensity while using the spot mode. As we will see later on, one of the ways to increase the treatment intensity is decreasing the distance between the spots. In the following video, we will see how a medium/ high-intensity treatment is carried out by applying the random spots very tightly together. After the treatment is completed, the spots are placed so tightly together that it seems as if the area was treated in spray mode.
In some other cases, some experienced users prefer to apply short spraying busts between the wrinkles instead of applying several random spots as we have seen above.
In the following video, we will see an example where a mild pray operation was used for perioral lines attenuation.
In the video below we can see an example of the spray operation for upper eyelid tightening.
When using electrical arcing for the first time for "localised skin tightening" in general it is advisable to use the spot operation as it is very easy to learn and leads to consistent results.
When using the "spot-mode" or "Spot Operation" the treatment intensity is dependant on a number of factors, the power setting on the device is only one of them.
Namely, the overall intensity of skin tightening treatments using Electrical arcing is dependant on:
Therefore the intensity of the treatment in the spot mode or spot operation is determined by four main factors and not only the power setting of the device itself.
However, said all the above it is important to mention that a high-intensity treatment does not necessarily lead to proportional improvements. In other words, the degree of improvement is not directly proportional to the intensity of the treatment.
If for example, over the course of a treatment the duration of the arc at each point is approximately a quarter of a second and this leads to an improvement of approximately say 4, if we increase only the duration by doubling it, by keeping all the other parameters the same (like power level, area covered and distance between carbonisation spots), the improvement will not necessarily be double because we have doubled the duration of the arc at each spot.
More generally, doubling the over al intensity of the treatment, does not necessarily lead to an improvement which may be twice as good, it will only be slightly better. Therefore, even after you have gained enough confidence, it is generally advisable to conduct milder treatments than you would otherwise consider possible.
Like in the case of the "spot operation", when using the "spray-mode" or "Spray Operation" for localised skin tightening, the treatment intensity is dependant on a number of factors, the power setting on the device is only one of them.
Please bear in mind that, although the "spray operation" is also very effective in skin tightening, the "spot operation" it is the preferred method used in skin tightening for beginners.
Namely the overall intensity of localised skin tightening treatments using Electrical Arcing in "Spray Operation" is dependant on:
Therefore the intensity of the treatment in the spray mode or spray operation is determined by the above three main factors and not only by the power setting of the device itself.
When you first start to use the device for skin tightening, it is best to gain confidence in stages and over a number of sessions. First of all, you must have practised using the device on the test meat and have enough confidence in your ability to generate the arc when the device is set at the minimum power level. Also, the very first time you use the device for skin tightening, you should do it in the mildest possible way, at the very low intensity. Then, as you see the results after each treatment, you will progressively gain confidence with the use of the equipment for this particular aesthetic application.
Because the spot technique leads to consistent results and it is very easy to learn, the best way to start using the device for skin tightening by using AC voltaic arc is by applying the spot mode with the device set at minimum power, distancing the spots at least 3 to 4 mm apart. Also, the duration of the application of the arc at each spot needs to be brief, resembling a short burst (average maximum duration one-quarter of a second). As you gain confidence by seeing the results of the mild aesthetic treatment, then you can start to slowly increase the intensity of the treatment by increasing the spot duration, and/or decrease the distance between the spots or the power setting of the device etc.
So to recap:
We mentioned the intensity of the treatment in the spray mode operation is determined by the number of factors in both the spot operation and the spray operation. Therefore you can increase the intensity in various ways.
Initial treatments parameters when using the device for skin tightening for the first time:
When learning how to use the device for skin tightening, it is recommended to only vary (decrease) the distancing between the spots and keep all the parameters the same, like the device power level, duration of the spots and area covered. As you gain experience then you can also vary the other parameters in order to increase the treatment intensity.
It is always recommended to use the spot mode and move onto applying the spray operation once you have acquired enough experience.
When using AC voltaic arc for skin tightening, for the first time, always start in a conservative fashion by performing very low-intensity treatments. Use the device at low power setting, apply the voltaic spots far apart and in very short bursts. As you see the results after the area has recovered fully and you gain more confidence you can then slowly and gradually increase the duration of the spots and decrease the distance between each spot applied (hence increasing the intensity of the treatment).