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Skin Tightening

Localised skin tightening using electrical arcing, also referred to as plasma.

What to expect from the treatments.
Basic principle of skin tightening by using Electrofulguration (Plasma).
Methods to accomplish Skin tightening using electrical arcing.
Spot mode or spot operation.
Spray mode in skin tightening.
Spot Mode Treatment Intensity.
Spray Mode or Spray Operation Treatment Intensity.
How to start to use the device for skin tightening.
How to increase the treatment intensity.
Summary.
Previous version of this web-page.
 

 

 
What to expect from the treatments.

Skin tightening using voltaic arcing, also referred to as PLASMA, produce mild appreciable cumulative improvements in the appearance of fine lines and also reduces the appearance of sagging skin. For immediate and dramatic results please refer to cosmetic surgery.

 

Basic principle of skin tightening by using Electrofulguration (Plasma).

Young, elastic skin depends on the amount of structural proteins such as collagen and elastin. These proteins help your skin resist temporary changes such as stretching, folding, or wrinkling. As we age, our bodies produce less of these structural proteins, making our skin more prone to show signs of aging, such as fine lines and wrinkles.

A mild superficial controlled burn by using AC voltaic arcs, DC voltaic arcs or Lasers induces a skin tightening effect which helps the skin restore more of its natural elasticity. This occurs because a localised excitation, stimulates the skin’s regeneration response, resulting in firmer, tighter skin between the wrinkles and hence the reduction in the appearance of wrinkles and fine lines. Similar results are also possible by using other  skin rejuvenation methods, like AHAs (alpha hydroxy acid) based cosmetic peels, however  the use of voltaic arc or cosmetic lasers is generally more selective because it can be applied exactly where required, therefore inducing the skin tightening exactly were your client needs it, with a higher degree of precision. We refer to this type of skin tightening as “localised skin tightening” or “targeted skin tightening

Generally Localised Skin Tightening  can be accomplished by using:

  • Lasers devices,
  • Electrical arcing devices.

The basic principle used by all these types of devices is the same, which is the targeted delivery of heat into the skin. When this is done the skin tends to respond by generating new collagen which results in tighter and firmer skin.

 

 

Methods to accomplish Skin tightening using electrical arcing.

Skin tightening using electrical arcing (or also referred to as Plasma) can be accomplished in two main ways:

  • Using the spot mode or spot operation.
  • Using the spray operation.

Both methods deliver the required heat into the skin needed to cause a very localised skin tightening. This localised skin tightening in turn reduces the appearance of saggy skin and fine lines.  In particular the fine lines are improved by the pulling effect of the skin tightening effect applied between the lines.

 

 

Spot mode or spot operation.

The spot mode is the preferred method to apply skin tightening by using electrical arcing, on various parts of the face. It is the preferred method because it delivers consistent and repeatable results and it is very easy to learn especially for beginners.

The spot mode is used extensively for:

The black spots represent where we would intend to place the carbonisation spots, for crow’s feet attenuation. These are placed randomly and between the wrinkles and never inside the wrinkle’s folds. The tighter the spots the higher the tightening effects.

 

In the picture above we can see how the intention is to feather out the treatment as we move away from the tight wrinkles. In other words the spots are applied in a more tight fashion where the wrinkles are deeper, closer to the eye. As we move away from the eye then the distancing of the spots is increased.

You will also note that, in case of fine lines, the wrinkles tend to disappear while are you applying the spots. This is not a permanent effect. This is a normal immediate reaction of the skin to the dehydration effects of the superficial carbonisation caused by the electrical arcing (also referred to as plasma).

In the video below you can watch an example of the spot mode for lower eyelid tightening.

The spot mode is carried out in the following way:

  • by applying short bursts between the wrinkles and not inside the wrinkles’ folds. Applying the spots inside the wrinkles could worsen the appearance of fine lines instead of improving them.
  • the bursts must be placed randomly, without forming lines or patterns of any type. Applying the spots randomly ensures the most uniform skin pulling effects.

 

 

 

Spray mode in skin tightening. 

The spray mode is not normally used for skin tightening, instead it is commonly used for:

  • Tattoo Removal.
  • Permanent Make Up Removal.
  • Moles Removal, inclining Xanthelasma, Seborrheic Keratosis, Syringoma Removal and most of other benign lesions and hypertrophic skin imperfections removed for aesthetic reasons.
  • Skin resurfacing to improve the appearance of hypertrophic scars.

 

However, after several number of treatments, when the users gain plenty of confidence confidence with the use of electrical arcing for skin tightening, some prefer to move to the spray operation.

In some cases this is also the natural way to increase the treatment intensity while using the spot mode. As we will see later on, one of the ways to increase the treatment intensity is decreasing the distance between the spots. In the following video we will see how a medium/high intensity treatment is carried out by applying the random spots very tightly together. After the treatment is completed, the spots are placed so tightly together that it seems as if the area was treated in spray mode.

In some other cases some experienced users prefer to apply short spraying busts between the wrinkles instead of applying several random spots as we have seen above.

In the following video we will see an example where a mild pray operation was used for perioral lines attenuation.

In the video below we can see an example of the spray operation for upper eyelid tightening.

When using electrical arcing for the first time for “localised skin tightening” in  general it is advisable to use the spot operation as it is very easy to learn and leads to consistent results.

 

 

 Spot Mode Treatment Intensity.

When using the “spot-mode” or “Spot Operation” the treatment intensity is dependant on a number of factors, the power setting on the device is only one of them.

Namely the overall intensity of skin tightening treatments using Electrical arcing is dependant on:

  1. duration of the arc. The longer the arc is applied at each point, during the spot operation, the higher the intensity of the skin tightening treatment.  Conversely the shorter the duration of the arc the milder the intensity of the treatment. Remember that, in any case, excessive exposure to any voltaic arc at any intensity can result in injury.
  2. power level. The higher the device power setting the better the higher the intensity of the treatment.
  3. distance between the spots. The shorter the distance between the spots the higher the treatment intensity. Conversely as the distance between each spot is increased the treatment intensity is reduced.
  4. area covered, the wider the overall area covered the higher the overall intensity of the treatment.

Therefore the intensity of the treatment in the spot mode or spot operation is determined by four main factors and not only the power setting of the device itself.

However said all the above it is important to mention that a high intensity treatment does not necessarily lead to proportional improvements. In other words, the degree of improvement is not directly proportional to the intensity of the treatment.

If for example, over the course of a treatment the duration of the arc at each point is approximately a quarter of a second and this leads to an improvement of approximately say 4, if we increase only the duration by doubling it, by keeping all the other parameters the same (like power level, area covered and distance between carbonisation spots), the improvement will not necessarily be double because we have doubled the duration of the arc at each spot.

More generally, doubling the the over al intensity of the treatment, does not necessarily lead to an improvement which maybe twice as good, it will only be slightly better. Therefore, even after you have gained enough confidence,  it is generally advisable to conduct milder treatments than you would otherwise consider possible.


 

 

Spray Mode or Spray Operation Treatment Intensity.

Like in the case of the “spot operation”, when using the “spray-mode” or “Spray Operation” for localised skin tightening, the treatment intensity is dependant on a number of factors, the power setting on the device is only one of them.

Please bear in mind that, although the “spray operation” is also very effective in skin tightening, the “spot operation” it is the preferred method used in skin tightening for beginners.

Namely the overall intensity of localised skin tightening treatments using Electrical Arcing in “Spray Operation” is dependant on:

  1. sweeping speed of the spraying operation. The slower the speed of the spraying motion the higher the intensity of the treatment. This is because the slower the speed of the sweeping movement the more heat is transferred into the skin. Conversely, the faster the sweeping movement the less the heat transferred into the skin.  Remember that, in any case, excessive exposure to any voltaic arc at any intensity can result in injury.
  2. power level. The higher the power setting the better the higher the intensity of the treatment.
  3. area covered, the wider the overall area covered the higher the overall intensity of the treatment.

Therefore the intensity of the treatment in the spray mode or spray operation is determined by the above three main factors and not only by the power setting of the device itself.

 

 

How to start to use the device for skin tightening.

When you first start to use the device for skin tightening, it is best to gain confidence in stages and over a number of sessions. First of all you must have practised using the device on the test meat and have enough confidence in your ability to generate the arc when the device is set at minimum power level.   Also, the very first time you use the device for skin tightening, you should do it in the mildest possible way, at very low intensity. Then, as you see the results after each treatment, you will progressively gain confidence with the use of the equipment for this particular aesthetic application.

Because the spot technique leads to consistent results and it is very easy to learn, the best way to start using the device for skin tightening by using AC voltaic arc is by applying the spot mode with the device set at minimum power, distancing the spots at least 3 to 4 mm apart. Also the duration of the application of the arc at each spot needs to be brief, resembling a short bursts (average maximum duration  one quarter of a second). As you gain confidence by seeing the results of the mild aesthetic treatment, then you can start to slowly increasing the intensity of the treatment by increasing the spot duration, and/or decrease the distance between the spots or the power setting of the device etc.

So to recap:

  • first make sure you are able to generate the arc while the device is set at minimum power level. To review the specific exercise or to learn this skill please CLICK HERE.
  • distance the spots at least 3 to 4 mm apart
  • the duration of the application of the arc at each spot needs to be brief, resembling a short bursts.
  • Cover the equivalent of a 50 pence coin area no more.
  • Let the area recover and see the results for yourself.
  • Then you can slowly increase the intensity of the treatment.

 

 

 

How to increase the treatment intensity.

A we mentioned the intensity of the treatment in the spray mode operation is determined by the a number of factors in both the spot operation and the spray operation. Therefore you can increase the intensity in various ways.

Initial treatments parameters when using the device for skin tightening for the first time:

  • Use the device in Three Battery Mode.
  • Use the device at Minimum Power Setting, with the device powered by three batteries only.
  • Spot duration (approximately) a quarter of a second. Resembling short bursts.
  • Distance between the spots 3-4 mm apart applied in a random fashion.

When learning how to use the device for skin tightening, it is recommended to only vary (decrease) the distancing between the spots and keep al the parameters the same, like the device power level, duration of the spots and area covered. As you gain experience then you can also vary the other parameters in order to increase the treatment intensity.

It is always recommended to use the spot mode and move onto applying the spray operation once you have acquired enough experience.

 

 

Summary.

When using AC voltaic arc for skin tightening, for the first time, always start in a conservative fashion by performing very low intensity treatments. Use the device at low power setting, apply the voltaic spots far apart and in very short bursts. As you see the results after the area has recovered fully and you gain more confidence you can then slowly and gradually increase the duration of the spots and decrease the distance between each spot applied (hence increasing the intensity of the treatment).

  • Train on a piece of meat or chicken and make sure you are able to generate the arc while the device is set at minimum power. This is a very important skill you have to learn before you move to carrying out cosmetic treatments for skin tightening.  Gain enough confidence  in your ability to generate the arc when the device is set at minimum power level, before starting any cosmetic procedure for skin tightening.
  • The first time you use voltaic arcing for localised skin tightening, apply a very low intensity treatment. This is done by using the device at minimum power level using three batteries, applying the spots 3 to 4 millimetres apart, applying the arc in very short bursts, and covering a small area not larger than a 50Pence coin.
  • When applying the voltaic arc for fine lines attenuation cover the area between the wrinkles without applying the arc inside the wrinkles folds themselves.
  • Apply the spots randomly in order to accomplish a uniform skin pulling effect, never apply the spots to draw a line as this could result in an asymmetrical undesired results.
  • Do not remove the carbon residues by purposely rubbing the area you treated with a cotton pad, soon after the skin tightening treatment.
  • (Optional). Apply the appropriate soothing product (soothing mask, gel or cream) on the area as soon as finished the treatment to soothe the treated area, maximise client comfort and minimise the  perceived downtime.
  • Remind the client about the importance of the after care, including the application of antiseptic products to reduce risks of infection. No make-up of any type should be worn until the area has recovered completely. Total sunscreen must be used everyday for up to 3 months after the last treatment.
  • Allow a minimum of 6 weeks interval between treatments on the same area of the skin.
  • Observe the results by comparing them with the before pictures and repeat slowly increasing the intensity of the treatment.

 

This page was updated in January 2016. To access the previous version of this section please CLICK HERE